Coonawarra, South Australia | Australian wine at it's best
Coonawarra Wine, Australia
 
Education
Coonawarra has long been recognised as one of Australia's premium wine producing regions and takes its name from the Aboriginal word 'honeysuckle'.
  • Wine grapes were first planted in Coonawarra in 1890 with the first vintage being 1895
  • John Riddoch was the founder of the 'Coonawarra Fruit Colony', which later became known as the Coonawarra wine region
  • Construction of the first winery in Coonawarra was commenced in 1896 and completed in 1897 and is known today as Wynns Coonawarra Estate
Cellar Door Sales
  • There are a total of 22 Cellar Door outlets in the Coonawarra wine region
Wineries
  • Coonawarra currently has 17 working wineries in close proximity along the Riddoch Highway
Plantings
  • Current plantings of 5603 hectares planted with vines in Coonawarra (SA Wine Grape Crush Survey, 2014)
  • Two distinctive periods of growth were one in the mid to late 70's and the other in the late 90's
  • Coonawarra now has about 7% of the South Australian wine industry vineyards
  • The following varieties of vines are planted across Coonawarra:
    • Cabernet Sauvignon 62%
    • Shiraz 20%
    • Merlot 7%
    • Chardonnay 5%
    • Sauvignon Blanc 2%
    • Riesling 1%
  • Other varieties include Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Semillon and Viogner
  • Most of the plantings have occurred pre 1999
Why is Coonawarra's 'terra rossa' unique?
  • It is derived from fresh water, lacustrine limestone
  • It contains a high, aeolian clay and nutrient content
  • It provides the best terroir for Cabernet Sauvignon in the world!
* The geological term 'terra rossa', which is of Italian origin, was first used by Zippe in 1853.
Climate
  • Coonawarra is a cool climate wine region, characterised by cold nights and a long extended ripening season
  • Average daily winter temperature is 9.8C
  • Average summer temperature is 18.8C
  • Average elevation is 55m above sea level
Other
  • Coonawarra is a Phylloxera free wine region
  • The Coonawarra wine industry employs over 1600 people
For further facts and figures please visit the Wine Australia website and/or the Phylloxera and Grape Industry Board of South Australia.     
Animated Examples
To learn all about the winemaking process through a simple animation, please click here.
To view an animation on the structure of a vine, please click here.